Opinions and views of the citizens of Southern and Eastern regions of Ukraine: April 2014


The survey “Opinions and views of the citizens of Southern and Eastern regions of Ukraine: April 2014” was conducted by the Kyiv International Institute of Sociology during April 8-16, 2014. The results are representative for the population (18 years and older) of each of 8 regions (oblasts) of the South and the East of Ukraine (Odesa, Mykolaiiv, Kherson, Kharkiv, Luhansk, Dnipropetrovsk, Zaporizhzhia, and Donetsk oblasts).

“Mixed” type of polling was used in the survey. In large cities (with population of 100,000 and higher) and regional centers, computer-assisted telephone interviews (CATI) were held. In towns and villages, ordinary face-to-face interviews in the respondents’ households were conducted.

In the framework of the survey, total of 3,232 interviews with respondents who live in 160 settlements of the South and the East of Ukraine (1,476 CATI and 1,756 face-to-face interviews) were held. In each region, no less than 400 interviews were conducted.

 

Do you consider Viktor Yanukovych to be a legitimate President of Ukraine?

 

South-East as a whole

Dnipropetrovsk region

Donetsk region

Zaporizhia region

Luhansk region

Mykolayiv region

Odessa region

Kharkiv region

Kherson region

Certainly, yes

10,0

6,9

18,8

8,1

12,2

6,9

5,9

6,9

3,2

Rather, yes

9,6

7,9

13,6

7,7

15,4

3,7

9,6

5,9

5,9

Difficult to say for sure, partly yes, partly no

8,5

5,0

7,9

9,6

12,9

4,5

11,6

8,9

6,9

Rather, no

18,1

13,4

23,8

17,5

17,6

16,9

18,0

17,6

15,1

Certainly, no

51,7

64,6

34,4

55,6

40,0

64,0

50,4

58,7

68,1

Don’t know/ Refuse to answer

2,2

2,2

1,5

1,5

2,0

4,0

4,4

2,0

0,7

 

Do you support actions of those, who with arms capture administrative buildings in your region?  

 

South-East as a whole

Dnipropetrovsk region

Donetsk region

Zaporizhia region

Luhansk region

Mykolayiv region

Odessa region

Kharkiv region

Kherson region

Certainly, yes, I do

5,7

5,4

9,4

1,0

12,2

3,0

2,0

3,7

1,7

Rather, yes

6,0

3,7

8,7

3,5

12,2

4,0

3,5

6,2

1,0

Difficult to say for sure, partly yes, partly no

10,4

6,4

8,4

9,1

15,6

9,7

7,9

16,8

11,6

Rather, no,

16,7

15,6

18,8

17,0

19,1

15,6

18,0

14,4

9,9

Certainly, no, I don’t

60,1

68,1

53,2

68,9

39,2

66,3

67,7

58,4

72,0

REFUSE TO ANSWER

1,2

0,7

1,5

0,5

1,7

1,5

1,0

0,5

3,7

 

Do you support the idea, that your region should secede from Ukraine  and join Russia?   

 

South-East as a whole

Dnipropetrovsk region

Donetsk region

Zaporizhia region

Luhansk region

Mykolayiv region

Odessa region

Kharkiv region

Kherson region

Certainly, yes, I do

7,1

3,7

11,9

2,2

13,2

3,5

3,2

9,2

1,0

Rather, yes

8,3

3,2

15,6

4,0

17,1

3,7

4,0

6,9

2,5

Difficult to say for sure, partly yes, partly no

12,5

6,9

17,3

9,9

12,4

6,0

11,9

17,3

11,4

Rather, no

16,0

13,1

17,3

17,5

20,6

6,7

19,3

16,1

11,1

Certainly, no, I don’t

53,7

71,0

34,9

64,0

31,3

78,7

59,5

49,5

73,5

REFUSE TO ANSWER

2,4

2,0

3,0

2,5

5,5

1,5

2,2

1,0

0,5

 

Please, imagine,  that there was a referendum on whether Ukraine should join the European Union or the Customs Union with Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan, You can vote for entry into the EU or into the Customs Union,  What would be your choice in this case?

 

South-East as a whole

Dnipropetrovsk region

Donetsk region

Zaporizhia region

Luhansk region

Mykolayiv region

Odessa region

Kharkiv region

Kherson region

I would vote for entry  into the European Union

24,7

38,1

9,4

31,1

11,2

40,4

25,4

26,5

37,4

I would vote for entry into the Customs Union with Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan

46,8

29,2

72,5

36,3

64,3

22,1

36,5

46,5

31,4

I wouldn’t participate in the referendum

14,8

17,1

8,4

16,8

10,4

19,9

19,5

16,8

17,6

DIFFICULT TO SAY

12,3

14,4

8,9

15,1

11,4

16,6

15,3

9,4

11,9

REFUSE TO ANSWER

1,4

1,2

0,7

0,7

2,7

1,0

3,2

0,7

1,7

 

Do you agree that Russia rightly protects  the interests of Russian-speaking  citizens in the South-East of Ukraine?

 

South-East as a whole

Dnipropetrovsk region

Donetsk region

Zaporizhia region

Luhansk region

Mykolayiv region

Odessa region

Kharkiv region

Kherson region

Yes

32,6

21,0

47,0

19,5

44,2

14,6

30,6

36,6

23,5

No

49,9

65,6

33,4

53,3

31,8

71,5

52,3

53,0

61,1

Difficult to say

16,1

12,1

19,6

23,0

19,6

13,4

15,8

10,1

14,9

Refuse to answer

1,4

1,2

0,0

4,2

4,5

0,5

1,2

0,2

0,5

 

Do you consider invasion of Russian troops into  the territory of Ukraine possible?

 

South-East as a whole

Dnipropetrovsk region

Donetsk region

Zaporizhia region

Luhansk region

Mykolayiv region

Odessa region

Kharkiv region

Kherson region

Certainly, yes

19,7

24,0

19,3

19,0

14,4

21,3

17,8

18,6

25,0

Rather, yes

26,6

24,3

29,0

25,7

29,0

28,0

24,2

25,5

28,2

Difficult to say for sure, partly yes, partly no

20,0

15,1

13,9

20,7

26,8

23,3

25,4

21,8

24,3

Rather, no

17,3

20,3

18,8

18,0

15,4

12,9

14,3

19,8

9,7

Certainly, no

14,8

13,6

18,6

15,1

11,9

13,9

15,6

13,6

12,4

Refuse to answer

1,5

2,7

0,5

1,5

2,5

0,5

2,7

0,7

0,5

 

In the case of incursion of Russian troops into the South-East of Ukraine, you are going to…?

 

South-East as a whole

Dnipropetrovsk region

Donetsk region

Zaporizhia region

Luhansk region

Mykolayiv region

Odessa region

Kharkiv region

Kherson region

Put  up armed resistance to aggressor

20,9

26,0

11,9

25,9

10,7

31,0

24,9

19,6

36,9

Welcome  the deployment of Russian troops

7,0

2,2

12,6

2,5

11,7

4,7

4,9

8,4

1,2

Join the army of Russian Federation

2,1

1,2

3,5

0,7

2,5

0,0

2,0

3,5

0,5

Stay at home and not to interfere

46,9

44,1

55,4

48,6

43,2

36,2

39,5

49,8

47,8

DIFFICULT TO SAY

20,5

24,8

15,6

19,0

26,1

26,3

23,7

17,1

12,9

REFUSE TO ANSWER

2,5

1,7

1,0

3,2

6,0

1,7

4,9

1,7

0,7

 

Do you support introduction of Russian troops  into Ukraine?

 

South-East as a whole

Dnipropetrovsk region

Donetsk region

Zaporizhia region

Luhansk region

Mykolayiv region

Odessa region

Kharkiv region

Kherson region

Certainly, yes

5,6

3,7

9,9

0,7

6,9

3,5

2,7

7,7

3,0

Rather, yes

6,1

1,5

9,4

3,5

12,4

3,0

4,2

7,9

1,7

Difficult to say for sure, partly yes, partly no

11,8

5,9

13,1

9,6

23,1

5,5

11,4

13,9

7,2

Rather, no

15,9

15,3

18,8

17,0

17,4

9,2

14,6

17,1

8,9

Certainly, no

58,4

69,6

47,5

66,7

36,0

77,9

64,4

53,2

78,7

REFUSE TO ANSWER

2,2

4,0

1,2

2,5

4,2

1,0

2,7

0,2

0,5

 

Do you consider the civil war in Ukraine possible?

 

South-East as a whole

Dnipropetrovsk region

Donetsk region

Zaporizhia region

Luhansk region

Mykolayiv region

Odessa region

Kharkiv region

Kherson region

Certainly, yes

16,4

20,3

19,3

16,3

13,9

17,4

12,6

11,6

17,8

Rather, yes

29,6

24,3

36,6

24,9

38,0

27,8

25,7

26,2

28,0

Difficult to say for sure, partly yes, partly no

19,8

15,3

15,3

20,5

23,3

23,8

22,2

22,3

26,5

Rather, no

20,2

25,2

17,3

20,2

14,4

21,1

20,2

25,2

14,4

Certainly, no

12,5

13,6

9,2

16,3

9,7

9,4

16,5

13,9

12,9

REFUSE TO ANSWER

1,5

1,2

2,2

1,7

0,7

0,5

2,7

0,7

0,5

 

What makes you anxious most of all at the present moment?

 

South-East as a whole

Dnipropetrovsk region

Donetsk region

Zaporizhia region

Luhansk region

Mykolayiv region

Odessa region

Kharkiv region

Kherson region

Raging of banditry in the country

43,1

43,3

51,5

37,5

29,8

48,1

46,2

40,1

42,6

Inattention of central authority to the problems of South-East of Ukraine

16,8

8,7

19,8

15,6

22,8

23,6

15,8

13,6

22,3

Growth of radicalism and nationalism

19,1

10,6

22,5

13,1

26,6

20,8

19,3

19,1

24,5

One-sided coverage of problems of the region and the country in Ukrainian media

8,2

5,7

11,9

7,9

7,2

6,0

6,2

10,6

5,7

Introduction of visas with Russia

7,3

4,0

9,4

3,0

7,2

3,2

5,9

11,1

14,1

Joining NATO

9,6

2,5

15,3

5,2

10,7

5,0

12,8

10,1

12,1

Disabling Russian TV-channels  

5,0

2,0

6,4

2,5

3,7

4,0

4,9

10,6

3,5

The risk of losing job

18,6

9,9

24,5

16,8

20,3

23,1

24,0

15,8

12,4

Non-payment of salaries and pensions

24,6

13,6

32,4

26,7

28,0

30,3

31,9

18,6

11,9

Collapse of Ukrainian economy

39,2

27,5

44,3

32,8

42,7

48,4

40,0

36,9

53,2

Rupture of economic ties with Russia

19,7

8,2

26,7

10,1

36,2

13,9

11,1

24,0

23,5

Growth of separatist moods

13,7

10,9

12,6

9,6

12,7

21,3

14,1

14,9

23,5

Imposition of one language

6,5

2,0

9,4

2,5

12,7

4,5

4,0

7,7

7,9

Threat of civil war

31,7

26,7

40,6

27,7

28,5

29,3

31,4

24,5

47,8

Threat of invasion of Russian aggressor

16,9

17,1

6,4

15,6

10,7

36,2

20,2

16,3

45,3

Other

1,8

3,2

1,0

2,7

0,7

0,5

2,0

2,2

1,7

DIFFICULT TO SAY/DON’T KNOW

1,8

2,0

0,7

3,5

1,5

2,0

1,5

2,7

1,0

REFUSE TO ANSWER

0,9

1,0

1,0

1,5

2,0

0,5

0,5

0,2

0,0

 

What concrete measures do you expect from the central authority in order to preserve the unity of the country?

 

South-East as a whole

Dnipropetrovsk region

Donetsk region

Zaporizhia region

Luhansk region

Mykolayiv region

Odessa region

Kharkiv region

Kherson region

Disarmament and dissolution of illegal radical groups

37,8

34,4

46,5

28,4

33,5

48,4

35,3

31,9

48,0

Defining the clear perspective of economy of the South-East (support to enterprises in the region)

22,4

11,4

24,8

21,7

36,0

23,1

22,7

20,8

23,3

Creation of parliamentary coalition  with participation of the Party of Regions

3,9

3,2

4,2

4,0

4,0

3,5

6,2

3,2

2,0

Appointment of representatives of the South-East  on ministerial positions  

10,8

3,0

16,1

6,9

15,9

8,7

10,6

12,6

9,4

Balanced cultural policy with regard to national peculiarities and mentality  of citizens in the South-East

15,2

11,1

15,6

11,9

24,1

20,1

14,3

12,6

16,6

Dissociation of authorities from nationalist and radical rhetoric

16,3

11,6

21,5

10,1

22,1

21,8

10,1

15,8

17,8

Reestablishment of dialog (economic and political ) with Russia

23,0

13,9

29,7

19,8

28,5

18,1

20,7

24,8

25,5

Federalization of Ukraine

11,8

5,9

19,1

5,7

21,6

5,5

6,7

13,4

4,7

Introduction of the second state language

11,0

4,0

17,1

8,1

17,1

4,0

7,4

12,9

11,6

Early parliamentary elections

14,5

10,1

7,9

9,9

14,4

31,8

24,0

14,9

22,8

Pre-term elections of the President of Ukraine

17,6

15,6

10,9

15,6

13,2

27,0

26,7

19,8

28,5

Establishment  of permanent public dialog between the South-East and central government

19,5

15,3

18,6

13,8

20,1

24,8

25,2

20,5

23,5

Distinguishing  by central authority between  positions and interests of ordinary citizens in the region and it’s party-oligarchic elites 

13,4

8,7

13,4

9,6

16,4

27,0

11,6

10,4

25,2

Other

3,1

2,2

1,7

4,0

1,5

4,2

3,7

6,4

2,7

DIFFICULT TO SAY/DON’T KNOW

10,2

11,6

7,4

19,3

8,7

8,7

8,6

8,7

12,6

REFUSE TO ANSWER

1,5

4,0

1,0

1,2

1,7

0,5

1,2

 

 

 

What the state structure of Ukraine should be?

 

South-East as a whole

Dnipropetrovsk region

Donetsk region

Zaporizhia region

Luhansk region

Mykolayiv region

Odessa region

Kharkiv region

Kherson region

Unitary – regions should have the same rights, which they have at the present moment

19,1

19,6

10,6

19,8

12,4

17,9

29,1

23,3

32,9

Unitary, but  it is necessary to conduct decentralization of power and  broaden  rights of regions

45,2

51,0

41,1

51,4

34,2

63,0

44,2

39,1

54,5

Federal

24,8

11,4

38,4

15,3

41,9

10,7

17,5

32,2

6,9

DIFFICULT TO SAY/DON’T KNOW

8,8

11,6

8,7

13,6

7,9

8,4

8,1

5,2

5,0

REFUSE TO ANSWER

2,0

6,4

1,2

0,0

3,5

0,0

1,0

0,2

0,7